IRIS: Agent Security for the Federal Air Marshals
(In use by FAMS since October 2009)

FAMS with the USC Team


  Current Team

Gratefully acknowledge support of:


With approximately 29,000 commercial flights per day in United States airspace, the Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) prioritizes allocation of resources based on risk. The current process follows the FAMS Concept of Operations and the DHS risk methodology by assigning FAM deployments based on consequence, vulnerability and threat. FAMS continually looks for process improvements to most efficiently mitigate the risks from the highest risk flights. One process improvement FAMS is currently examining is the ARMOR application. This application could aid FAMS in applying randomness in selection of a set of high risk flights to increase terrorist uncertainty of FAMS deployments.

IRIS is in use in limited international sectors by the Federal Air Marshals.


Certificate of Appreciation, IRIS Project

IRIS Award 2011

The IRIS research team led by Prof. Milind Tambe was presented the Certificate of Appreciation for IRIS Project, by the
Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service, 2011
Rist Prize of the Military Operations Research Society

David Rist Award 2011

David Rist Prize, 2011

IRIS Award 2009

IRIS Award 2009

IRIS Award 2009

Best Industry Track Paper Award 2009

Recent News

Funded by



Title Author Published At Year Download
Refinement of Strong Stackelberg Equilibria in Security Games Bo An, Milind Tambe, Fernando Ordonez, Eric Shieh, Christopher Kiekintveld Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) 2011 download
Mixed-Initiative Optimization in Security Games: A Preliminary Report Bo An, Manish Jain, Milind Tambe and Christopher Kiekintveld AAAI Spring Symposium on Help Me Help You: Bridging the Gaps in Human-Agent Collaboration 2011 download
Security Games with Arbitrary Schedules: A Branch and Price Approach Manish Jain, Erim Kardes, Christopher Kiekintveld, Fernando Ordóñez, Milind Tambe National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) 2010 download
Software Assistants for patrol planning at LAX and Federal Air Marshals Service Manish Jain, James Pita, Jason Tsai, Christopher Kiekintveld, Shyamsunder Rathi, Fernando Ordóñez, Milind Tambe Interfaces 2010 download
Stackelberg vs. Nash in Security Games: Interchangeability, Equivalence, and Uniqueness Zhengyu Yin, Dmytro Korzhyk, Christopher Kiekintveld, Vincent Conitzer, and Milind Tambe International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS) 2010 download
Computing Optimal Randomized Resource Allocations for Massive Security Games Christopher Kiekintveld, Manish Jain, Jason Tsai, James Pita, Fernando Ordóñez, Milind Tambe The Eight International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems 2009 download
IRIS - A Tool for Strategic Security Allocation in Transportation Networks Jason Tsai, Shyamsunder Rathi, Christopher Kiekintveld, Fernando Ordóñez, Milind Tambe The Eight International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems - Industry Track 2009 download

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